Coffee was first cultivated in 500 AD.

Where does the coffee bean come from?

Coffee beans come from coffee bean plants which are a type of shrub or bush where the seeds are harvested from coffee cherries and processed to obtain green coffee beans before they are roasted into brown beans. Coffee beans come from two main types of coffee plants: Arabica, and Robusta.

The Process
• Once the new trees have been planted, the harvester will check the fruit for ripening.
• After the coffee has been processed into green coffee bean form, the crop is then manually picked by hand. However, in places such as Brazil, where the land is relatively flat and the fields enormous, the process has been automated.
• After the beans are processed, they go through either one of two different kinds of processes: The dry method or the wet method. Dry methods are often used in countries where there aren’t enough fresh water supplies.
• Freshly picked cher¬ries are spread out on large surfaces to dry in the sunshine. The harvester will then rake and turn the cherries throughout the day. They will be protected by covering them at night or during rainy weather.
• The wet method removes most of the pulp from the cherries before they’re harvested, leaving just the parchment skins on them.
• Beans are then distributed to coffee producers or coffee plantations where they will be roasted. The roasted beans are turned into the cup of coffee you reach out to every morning.

Roasting green coffee beans is the first step toward making delicious coffee. Coffee roasters use large machinery called roasters to roast their fresh green beans. Roasted coffee is produced when green coffee is placed into a large, heated cylinder where it is subjected to heat and air pressure until it reaches the proper degree of roast.

For around eight to fourteen minutes, the beans go from green to yellow, yellow to light beige, and then light beige to dark beige for darker roasts. They are then pulled from the churning cylinder. The master roaster would be then cooled rapidly to stop the roasting from continuing. Roasted coffee beans result in coffee beans as we’ve come to know them: brown, aromatic, and delicious.